I know y’all are wondering if something’s actually wrong with me. Sighhh… Don’t worry guys I’m alright, because there is no hot summer in the space and yeah, “the unaltered physics”. Both lie constant in all seasons. If the whole of galaxy is a circle of events, then these two are the points at the centre that remain unaltered and unaffected.
It sounds boring huh! Well, consistency and perfections are indeed boring. So, it’s time to enhance your creativity folks! Let us see some of the concepts related to space and physics that usually occur during the summer, worldwide.
But wait, I am also here to shine the spot light upon two events that took place this summer and yet to be explored. So put your freakin’ seat belts on for the summer space ride!
STAR DIMMING AND BRIGHTENING
Scientists all over the world received a call to look into the star named BOYAJIAN’S STAR which once again made a mysterious pattern. It is just an artistic illusion of the dimming and brightening of the BOYAJIAN’S STAR which showed mysterious alien mega-structures.
Scientist in the Fairborn observatory in Arizona had confirmed that the star was three percent dimmer than normally it was. Jason Wright who is a pioneer in the BOYAJIAN’S STAR studies said that they had no fluke in the dimming of star either; they have confirmed it with several observatories. Star KIC 8462852 or BOYAJIAN’S STAR has demonstrated an irregular pattern of dimming and brightening (that is dimming to an extent and again returning to its previous brightness). These changes were earlier spotted in the month of September, 2015 using NASA’s Kepler Space Telescope, which was built to observe this, because these effects can be caused by the planet moving in front of a star when seen from the earth.
It gets special attention in the current month because this star at this time (and for the first time ever since it was discovered) showed a kind of regularity, typical for a planet moving around a star.
The above picture shows the alien mega structure as explained in the previous section.
Scientists hypothesized that this type of dimming and brightening may be due to passage of swarm of comets accompanied with its dust. Thus it appears as if it were dimming and some alien mega structure hypothesis (massive structures built by aliens that pass in front of this star which causes dimming when viewed from earth). So scientists are eagerly waiting to capture the light coming from the star during this dimming period in order to get a detailed image of what is going on. This can reveal the specific chemical elements that are in the gas and also tell them if these dusts or something is moving towards or away from the observer.
Wright also added that if there is more dust between the star and us then it will block more blue and red light and if there were gases it would block specific wavelengths of light, thus by observing the spectra it would be easier for us to study (but within the period of dimming and they were not known when it would occur again and last time according to Kepler it lasted for seven or few more days). Many telescopes are working on and this star is fortunately not too faint. Thus networks of people are eager in solving this mystery.
CLASSIFICATION OF PLANETS
This topic gained importance this summer because of the frequent increase in discoveries of the exoplanet (planets that are out of our solar system and actually revolve around the sun like objects in space). The first exoplanet discovered was in 1988 but confirmed in 1992. Since then, thousands of exoplanets were discovered. Most of them are caught with the help of Kepler space telescopes, while Kepler mission is focused on finding earth like planets orbiting in a habitual manner (which contains liquid water on the surface).
Many of the planets discovered were so-called hot JUPITERS, large gas giants that orbit very close to the parent star. So that it is clear that all these planets don’t have a common classification. Telescopes of the current scenario are not sensitive enough to report a clear view of the atmospheric surroundings of the planets. May be, the telescopes of tomorrow might actually be able to observe it close enough. Well, who knows? We ought to find that.
In our own solar system, we have the classification such as ‘rocky planets’ and ‘gas planets’. The planets namely Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars are called ‘rocky planets’ while Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune are called ‘gas’ planets. It is so called because the gaseous atmosphere in the former case is comparatively smaller than the rocky region ions of the entire planet, whereas in the second case the atmosphere is comparatively higher, even though in cases of ‘Uranus’ and ‘Neptune’ it has considerable rocky state. The ‘Jupiter’ and the ‘Saturn’ due to their larger size, it is enigmatic to find, but the physics predicts that the cores may be liquid-metallic or perhaps a solid.
Based on the relative position of the earth it is classified as inferior planets and superior planets. Planets between the earth and the sun are inferior whilst the rest are superior. Based on the asteroid belt, (The asteroid belt is the circum stellar disc in the Solar System located roughly between the orbits of the planets Mars and Jupiter. It is occupied by numerous irregularly shaped bodies called asteroids or minor planets.)they are categorized as ‘inner and outer planets’.
White region here is the asteroid belt.
Planets inside the asteroid belts are called inner planets and outside it are called outer planets.
Classification of the exoplanets:
The most famous exoplanets classification by ‘Star trek’ is as follows,
- Class D (planetoid or moon with little to no atmosphere)
- Class H (generally uninhabitable)
- Class J (gas giant)
- Class K (habitable, as long as pressure domes are used)
- Class L (marginally habitable, with vegetation but no animal life)
- Class M (terrestrial)
- Class N (sulfuric)
- Class R (a rogue planet, not as habitable as a terrestrial planet)
- Class T (gas giant)
- Class Y (toxic atmosphere, high temperatures)
It goes real deep if we get into this stuff. I ain’t planning on to bore y’all. So, let’s stop it here. It’s not just here but also in space, do we hear the “summer” track of Calvin Harris.
Happy hot summer folks! Felicia!