“The Future We Want” is the quote that led to the development of the 17 goals to bring about growth universally. The 17 Sustainable Development Goals was proposed by Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals of UN General Assembly on July 19, 2014. There are 169 targets and they are mentioned in the paragraph 54 of United Nations Resolution. These 17 goals are as follows:
1. No poverty
2. No hunger
3. Good health
4. Quality education
5. Gender equality
6. Clean water and sanitation
7. Renewable energy
8. Good job and economic growth
9. Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure
10. Reduced inequality
11. Sustainable cities and communities
12. Responsible consumption
13. Climate action
14. Life below water
15. Life on land
16. Peace and justice
17. Partnerships for the goals
The Government of India is working towards achieving these targets through various schemes like Swatch Bharath, Make in India, Skill India and reformation pushes to multiply agricultural produce in India. Through these schemes the Government will be able to increase the GDP and provide a cleaner and healthier environment for the citizens of the nation. Make in India campaign strives to bring in foreign companies for setting up their production units in India which will in turn improve the manufacturing sector in India thereby contributing to an increase in GDP. Every agricultural land is being developed to be converted to a green belt by proper implementation and execution of reforms and providing incentives to farmers. The “Jan Dhan Yojna” is the financial inclusion of people belonging to rural India. The Swatch Bharath is an initiative to achieve a cleaner India.
The economic growth of the country will directly influence and improve the military might of India. The funds allocated for defense will increase leading to an enhanced border protection force. The Defense Ministry will be empowered towards usage of sophisticated technology thereby increasing the fire power of India. Though these goals help in raising funds for defense, it also aids in preventing wars. One of the chief tasks of UN is to prevent the arousal of wars. Any sign of stimulation of war between two countries will be intervened by the UN and they do their level best to prevent war. This ensures peace to the citizens of the country and aids in maintaining proper and regular functioning of the Government.
The goals are sure to provide a cleaner and healthier environment for the citizens of the country. If followed strictly with dedication, these goals will surely bring an augment in the prosperity, cleanliness and health of every citizen in the country. It encourages and guides individuals for the correct use of resources and prevents the exploitation of non-renewable resources. It also promotes employment as there are more entrepreneurs and start ups are being encouraged. This helps in eradication of poverty and hunger. The country will grow on a whole and soon accomplish all the targets listed by the UN.
With the help of the sustainable goals, India’s import would decrease as many industries start ups etc are encouraged. This would lead to an increased demand for Indian products hence making us self-sufficient. Once we achieve that, our export will increase which would show a positive impact on GDP. This growth will not be of any harm as it will be sustainable and consistent. Monopoly would not exist instead many sellers would co-exist, producing more desired products for both domestic and global customers.
As the number of sellers for a product increases, automatically the selling price goes down as the sellers have to have a stand in the market. This ensures that the product is affordable by all people. As these products are exported also, there will not be any compromise in the quality of the product as well. Customer needs will be fulfilled properly by the sellers.
The Government of India has been taking initiatives based on sustainable development goals and are working towards fulfilling the targets. Having covered every aspect, it is sure to bring about development in all aspects of the country. It ensures development both on a small as well as on a large-scale. It is only up to us to use this opportunity to bring out India in flying colours.